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CLED Calculus: Home


Articles on helping improve persistence and success of CLED students in calculus are listed below.

There were hundreds of articles and dissertations on this topic. In order to condense the number listed here, I utilized the following criteria:

  • Focus on newer (post-2010) in most cases. Exceptions made for articles that looked particularly useful
  • General exclusion of dissertations. Exceptions made for dissertations that looked particularly useful
  • Some inclusion of articles on general math instruction for CLED groups

IMSA did not have electronic access to some of the articles. We can interlibrary loan these articles whenever needed. Simply send me an email (

If there is a particularly useful article here, I can investigate the cited/citing articles for additional resources.

Possible Resources